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Can ChatGPT Help Me Learn Photography? Part I: Telling a story with a photo

By January 22, 2024January 24th, 2024psychology

ChatGPT conversation

Sunjay Dixit

Can I learn to be a good photographer? I’ve always thought of myself as someone who’s naturally good at expressing myself with words, but not a natural at visual art. But I do love taking photos, and people love my photos and they always compliment my ability to “capture the moment” and “capture people’s real personalities” with my photos. What do you think?


Absolutely you can learn to be a good photographer! Your background in writing and storytelling can be a significant asset in photography. While it’s true that visual arts require a certain perspective and understanding of elements like light, composition, and color, these are skills that can be learned and honed over time.

Photography, much like writing, is a form of storytelling. Your ability to “capture the moment” and “capture people’s personalities” indicates that you already possess a natural instinct for narrative and emotion, which are crucial in photography. The fact that people appreciate your photos suggests that you have an innate sense for capturing compelling images.

Here are a few suggestions to enhance your photography skills:

  1. Learn the Basics: Understand the technical aspects of photography, like aperture, shutter speed, ISO, and composition. There are numerous online courses and tutorials available.
  2. Practice Regularly: The more you practice, the better you’ll get. Experiment with different styles, subjects, and lighting conditions.
  3. Study Other Photographers: Look at the work of photographers you admire. Analyze their techniques and try to understand what makes their work stand out.
  4. Feedback and Critique: Seek feedback from more experienced photographers and be open to critique. This can provide valuable insights into areas of improvement.
  5. Tell a Story: Use your storytelling skills to create a narrative with your photos. Think about what you want to convey with each image.

Remember, talent in the arts, whether visual or written, is often less about inherent skill and more about practice, perspective, and the willingness to learn and grow. Your unique viewpoint as a writer can bring a fresh and distinctive quality to your photography.

Sunjay Dixit

Tell me more about #5, “Tell a story.” How can I tell a story with just one image? I always think of a photo as at best capturing a single moment, not as something that can tell a story. In my mind, a story requires a progression — a before and after, a problem and an outcome.


Telling a story with a single image is a fascinating aspect of photography, and it’s very much possible. Unlike a written narrative where you have the luxury of words to build a storyline, a photograph relies on visual elements to suggest a narrative. Here’s how you can infuse storytelling into a single image:

  1. Capturing Emotion: Emotions are powerful storytellers. A photo that captures a genuine emotion can speak volumes. This could be a candid moment of joy, a thoughtful expression, or a look of surprise. The viewer can infer a story behind the emotion displayed.
  2. Composition and Focus: Use composition to guide the viewer’s attention. What you choose to include or exclude in the frame can suggest a broader context or background story. For example, a lone figure in a vast landscape can convey feelings of isolation or freedom.
  3. Symbolism and Metaphor: Objects, settings, or actions in a photo can serve as symbols or metaphors. A wilting flower, a broken window, or an open road can all symbolize deeper themes or stories.
  4. Juxtaposition: Placing contrasting elements side by side in a photo can create a narrative. For instance, the contrast between old and new, or decay and growth, can tell a story about change or the passage of time.
  5. Contextual Clues: Background elements can provide context that suggests a story. The setting, weather conditions, or objects around the main subject can hint at a larger narrative.
  6. Leaving Room for Interpretation: Sometimes, the power of a photo lies in its ambiguity. Leaving some elements to the viewer’s imagination can make the photo more engaging. It invites the viewer to create their own story or interpretation of the image.
  7. Capturing a Decisive Moment: Henri Cartier-Bresson spoke of the “decisive moment” in photography. It’s that split second that captures the essence or peak of an action, suggesting what has just happened or what is about to happen.

Each photograph you take is a chance to tell a different story. The beauty of photography is that you don’t need a series of images to create a narrative. A single, well-composed shot can encapsulate emotions, themes, and stories in a way that resonates with the viewer, inviting them to ponder the before, during, and after of the captured moment.

Sunjay Dixit

Explain #7. So the decisive moment doesn’t just capture the present moment, but also what just happened or is about to happen? I’m not sure I follow. if I capture a photo of someone laughing very hard at an unexpected joke, I’m capturing that moment, not anything in the past or future. Am I not?


The concept of the “decisive moment” in photography, as coined by Henri Cartier-Bresson, goes beyond just capturing the present. It involves seizing an instant that is so expressive or telling that it also suggests the past and the future. It’s about capturing a moment that is so pivotal or charged with meaning that it invites the viewer to consider the broader narrative.

To explain further using your example of a person laughing at a joke:

  • Present: The photo captures the person laughing, which is the immediate, visible moment.
  • Past: The viewer infers that something happened just before the photo was taken to cause this reaction. The laughter implies a joke or a humorous situation, even though the joke itself isn’t part of the photograph.
  • Future: The photo also hints at what might happen next. Will the person continue to laugh? Will others join in? It suggests a continuation of the moment that extends beyond the frame.

So, while the photograph physically captures only the present, the power of the decisive moment lies in its ability to evoke a sense of story that includes what led up to that moment and what might follow. It’s about finding and capturing a moment that feels like a critical point in a larger, unfolding story. This moment is so potent that the viewer can’t help but sense the before and after, even though they’re not explicitly shown.

Sunjay Dixit

Describe examples of decisive moment photographs that suggest what just happened or is about to happen


Describing a few classic examples of decisive moment photographs can illustrate how they suggest a narrative of past and future events:

Street Scene with a Jumping Man:

Pedestrian Leaping Over Puddle

Puddle jumper

Imagine a photograph of a man mid-jump over a puddle in a city street. The present moment shows the man in the air, creating a sense of motion and tension. This image suggests what just happened (he ran and took a leap) and what is about to happen (he will land, possibly splashing water).

Child Running with a Loaf of Bread: buyartforless Canvas Petit Parisian (Boy Running with ...

Consider a photo of a child running down a street, clutching a loaf of bread. The child’s expression and movement suggest urgency or excitement. The viewer can imagine the moment just before – perhaps the child has just bought the bread or been given it – and what might follow: delivering the bread home, or the joy of sharing it with family.

Couple Pausing for a Kiss:

The Story Behind the Famous Kiss | Naval History Magazine - August ...

A photo where a couple is about to kiss in a crowded place. The present moment is the pause just before their lips meet, filled with anticipation. The past suggested is their mutual attraction leading up to this moment, and the future could be the deepening of their relationship or the reactions of the bystanders.

Sports Victory Moment:

50 Images of Winning Moments From Sports History | Stacker

A photograph of an athlete just as they realize they’ve won a race or game. Their face might show a mixture of surprise, relief, and joy. This moment encapsulates the climax of the event, suggesting the intense effort that led up to this point and the ensuing celebration or acknowledgment of victory.

Dramatic Weather Shot:

A photo capturing the exact moment lightning strikes a building. The immediate moment is the lightning strike, but it also suggests the building moments before in calmness and the potential aftermath, perhaps the building’s response to the strike or the reactions of people around.

These examples showcase the essence of the decisive moment in photography. The viewer is not just seeing a frozen slice of time but is also invited to ponder the events leading up to and following that moment, all encapsulated in a single, powerful image.

Sunjay Dixit

I see. So even though a photograph can only ever capture a single present moment, it can still tell a story by suggesting a past and a future? In a way, a photograph can tell a story by explicitly showing a “middle” but implying a beginning and an end?

Sunjay Dixit: I see. So even though a photograph can only ever capture a single present moment, it can still tell a story by suggesting a past and a future? In a way, a photograph can tell a story by explicitly showing a “middle” but implying a beginning and an end?

ChatGPT: Exactly! You’ve captured the essence of storytelling in photography beautifully. A photograph, while only able to freeze a single moment in time, can indeed tell a broader story by implying a past and a future. This storytelling is achieved by capturing what you aptly called the “middle” – a decisive, expressive moment that is so rich in context and emotion that it naturally suggests a beginning and an end. The viewer’s imagination is engaged to fill in these parts of the story, making the experience of viewing the photograph more interactive and personal.


Exactly! You’ve captured the essence of storytelling in photography beautifully. A photograph, while only able to freeze a single moment in time, can indeed tell a broader story by implying a past and a future.

This storytelling is achieved by capturing what you aptly called the “middle” – a decisive, expressive moment that is so rich in context and emotion that it naturally suggests a beginning and an end. The viewer’s imagination is engaged to fill in these parts of the story, making the experience of viewing the photograph more interactive and personal.

The middle moment you capture might be packed with visual cues, emotions, and dynamics that hint at what led up to it and what might follow. These hints encourage the viewer to construct a narrative around the image, giving a sense of a complete story with a beginning, middle, and end, despite only the middle being visually present.

This ability to suggest a story beyond what is immediately visible is what makes photography a powerful medium for storytelling, much like how a well-crafted sentence in writing can evoke a world of background and implications. As a writer, you can leverage this storytelling aspect to add depth and narrative to your photographs, using your skill in understanding and conveying stories.

Sunjay Dixit

What does it take to capture the kinds of decisive moments Henri Cartier-Bresson describes? It seems like it would involve a lot of walking around with a camera and waiting for something interesting to happen.


Capturing the kind of decisive moments Henri Cartier-Bresson is famous for does indeed require a combination of patience, observation, and readiness. Here are some key elements to consider:

  1. Observation and Anticipation: Develop the ability to observe your surroundings keenly and anticipate moments before they unfold. This involves understanding human behavior, recognizing patterns, and predicting interactions in the environment.
  2. Patience: Sometimes, you might find yourself waiting for a long time for the right moment. This patience is a crucial part of street and documentary photography.
  3. Presence and Immersion: Be present in the environment you’re photographing. Immersing yourself in the scene allows you to be in tune with potential moments as they arise.
  4. Quick Reflexes: Decisive moments are fleeting. Having quick reflexes to capture the shot at just the right time is essential.
  5. Technical Readiness: Understanding your camera and being able to quickly adjust settings for different conditions ensures that you won’t miss a shot due to technical delays.
  6. Intuitive Composition: While technical skills are important, intuitive composition—the ability to frame a shot quickly and effectively—is equally crucial.
  7. Emotional Connection: Connect emotionally with what you’re photographing. This connection often translates into more impactful photographs.
  8. Ethical Considerations: Especially in street photography, being respectful and considerate of the people and places you’re capturing is important.
  9. Practice and Experience: Like any skill, practice improves your ability to capture decisive moments. The more you shoot, the better you become at sensing and capturing these moments.
  10. Enjoy the Process: Finally, enjoy the process of photography. Your passion and interest will shine through in your work.

Remember, while Cartier-Bresson’s style is iconic, there’s no single “right” way to capture decisive moments. Your unique perspective and style are what will make your photographs special.

Sunjay Dixit

How can I use photographs to tell a story when I’m simply taking portraits? When a friend asks me to take their picture, they’re usually not running off down the street with a loaf of bread. Usually they’re just standing there waiting for me to direct them and take their picture. I’m having trouble imagining what past and future I would or could imply in that context.


Creating a storytelling aspect in portrait photography can be a bit more nuanced since, as you mentioned, the subject is often just posing for the camera. However, there are still ways to add depth and imply a narrative:

  1. Expression and Emotion: Direct your subject to convey a specific emotion or mood through their expression. A thoughtful look, a burst of laughter, or a dreamy gaze can all suggest a story. Ask them to think of a memory or emotion, and capture the natural expression that follows.
  2. Context and Setting: The environment where you take the portrait can add layers to the story. For example, a portrait in a cluttered room might suggest a busy, chaotic lifestyle, while a serene park setting might imply peace and contemplation.
  3. Props and Costumes: Use props or clothing that hint at a character or story. For example, a vintage hat, a musical instrument, or a book can suggest different aspects of the subject’s personality or a character they might be portraying.
  4. Body Language: How the person stands, sits, or interacts with their surroundings can convey a narrative. A relaxed posture might suggest comfort and confidence, while a tense pose could imply stress or anticipation.
  5. Lighting: Use lighting to create mood and atmosphere. Harsh, dramatic lighting can create a sense of conflict or intensity, while soft, diffused light can convey calmness or vulnerability.
  6. Composition: Play with composition techniques like framing, perspective, and depth of field to add interest and suggest a narrative. For instance, framing a subject through a doorway or window can suggest a transition or journey.
  7. Capturing Candid Moments: Even in a posed setting, there are candid moments. These can be when the subject is getting ready, reacting to something, or interacting with someone off-camera. These moments often feel more ’real’ and can suggest a backstory or future development.
  8. Eye Contact: The direction of the subject’s gaze can significantly impact the story the portrait tells. Direct eye contact can create a connection with the viewer, while looking off-camera can imply introspection or distraction.
  9. Series of Portraits: If possible, take a series of portraits that show different aspects or emotions of the subject. This can create a narrative progression within the set of images.
  10. Collaboration: Discuss with your friend what kind of story or character they would like to convey. This collaboration can lead to more creative and storytelling-driven portraits.

Each portrait can be a chapter in a story, and the nuances you bring to it through these techniques can suggest much more than just the surface image. Remember, the story doesn’t have to be explicit; sometimes, the implication of a past or future, or the evocation of a mood or character, is enough to give depth to a portrait.

Sunjay Dixit

I usually simply talk to my subject to try to get them to feel comfortable and act natural, to get them to make a natural facial expression — like genuine laughter, or surprise, or even mock indignation — and then take photos that catch them expressing themselves (through the facial expressions) and being themselves


Your approach of engaging with your subject to elicit natural expressions is a great strategy for portrait photography. This technique not only helps in capturing genuine emotions but also adds an authentic storytelling element to your photos. Here’s how your method contributes to creating narrative-rich portraits:

  1. Capturing Authenticity: By conversing with your subject, you’re more likely to capture their true personality. Genuine laughter, surprise, or other spontaneous expressions reveal more about the person than a posed expression might.
  2. Emotional Connection: Natural expressions create an emotional connection with the viewer. For instance, a photo of someone laughing heartily can evoke a sense of joy in the viewer, while a look of surprise might create intrigue about what prompted that reaction.
  3. Unscripted Moments: The best stories often come from unscripted moments. By catching your subjects off-guard or in the midst of a reaction, you’re capturing a slice of their real life and story.
  4. Relaxed Atmosphere: Your interaction relaxes the subject, which often leads to more relaxed and natural-looking photographs. This relaxed state can tell a story of comfort, ease, and authenticity.
  5. Eliciting a Range of Emotions: Through conversation, you can guide the subject through a range of emotions, each telling a different aspect of their story. For instance, a thoughtful conversation might lead to a more introspective expression, adding depth to the narrative.
  6. Creating a Sense of Movement: Natural expressions often come with natural movements. Capturing these movements, like a head thrown back in laughter or hands gesturing in surprise, adds dynamism to your portraits.
  7. Reflecting the Relationship: The interaction between you and the subject also becomes part of the story. It reflects the rapport and trust you’ve built, which can be sensed in the photographs.
  8. Contextual Storytelling: The context of the conversation, if included in the frame or suggested through the environment, can add layers to the story. For example, a portrait taken in a café during a lively chat tells a different story than one taken in a quiet studio.

Your focus on capturing natural, expressive moments aligns beautifully with the essence of storytelling in photography. Each genuine expression you capture is a glimpse into the subject’s personality and life, making your portraits more than just images, but stories in themselves.

Sunjay Dixit

Yes, I think I do all these things well, perhaps except for #8.


It sounds like you have a solid grasp of most aspects of narrative-rich portrait photography. As for adding contextual storytelling (point #8), it’s an area that can further enhance the depth of your portraits, but it’s also something that can be developed gradually and intuitively.

To integrate more contextual storytelling, consider these approaches:

  1. Incorporate the Environment: Pay attention to the surroundings where you take the portrait. Whether it’s an urban setting, a room in a house, a park, or a café, the environment can add context to the subject’s story. For instance, a portrait in a home environment might hint at personal life, while a street setting could suggest aspects of urban life.
  2. Use Background Elements: Elements in the background, like artwork, personal items, or even the style of furniture, can provide clues about the subject’s personality or lifestyle.
  3. Play with Props: Introduce props that have meaning to the subject or relate to the conversation you’re having. A musical instrument, a favorite book, or even a cup of coffee can add a layer of story.
  4. Capture Interaction with Surroundings: Encourage the subject to interact with their surroundings. This could be as simple as leaning against a wall, looking out a window, or holding onto a railing. These interactions can make the portrait feel more ’lived in’ and connected to the space.
  5. Consider the Mood of the Setting: The overall mood of the setting – like the lighting, colors, and textures – can complement the mood of the portrait. A bright, airy setting can convey optimism, while a dimly lit, moody environment might suggest introspection.

Remember, the goal isn’t to overcrowd the image with context but to use the environment subtly to complement the subject’s narrative. As you continue to develop this skill, it will become a more natural part of your process, adding yet another layer to the rich portraits you create.

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